Nothing prepares the visitor for the seemingly empty and horizon less expanse of steppe or grassland that marks landform of Eastern Mongolia.
As one enters this realm, the apparent emptiness disappears and the visitor is stuck by the tremendous diversity and uniqueness of the steppe landscape, flora and fauna.
The Eastern area of Mongolia comprises 3 provinces of Khentii, Dornod and Sukhbaatar. Khentii, the motherland of Chinggis Khaan, is replete with monuments, relics and ruins dating back to the ancient time. Rich expanses of steppe grass with a large number volcanic mounts, ancients monuments, and historical places related to the time of Manchu dynasty ruling in Mongolia are found in the land of Sukhbaatar province.
The Dornod, land of plain is one of the largest, undisturbed steppe ecosystem in the world and the core habitat of the beautiful Mongolian gazelle.
In the east you will also find pockets of small lakes with an abundance of bird life such as ubiquitous Demoiselle Crane and the Steppe Eagle, perfect for the birdwatchers.
Further on the way we’ll stop by Baganuur town – based on the coalmine, which supplies capital’s power stations and heating system.
Khuduu Aral – a motherland of Chinggis Khaan. There is the Monument of Chinggis Khaan, historical and archeological sites containing rich remains of an ancient palace, believed to be the winter palace of the great Emperor.
The next destination is Sukhbaatar province, the land of the legends where the Dariganga people live. They live in the southern part of Sukhbaatar province and are famous for its silver smiths and blacksmiths.
Terelj National Park Natural landscape – is colorful and with magnificent alpine scenery. The National Park area is very impressive, with massive rock formations set among scenic valleys and hills with a winding river and groves of trees. Travelers can take leisurely strolls on meadows carpeted with variety of wild flowers, view fascinating rock formations against a backdrop of pine-covered mountains and wander along the wooded banks of a mountain stream.
Turtle Rock – The symbol of Terelj National Park is 24 meter high, giant rock formation like a lying turtle. You will take a photo of rock and relaxing for a while in the shade of this giant turtle before to start for hiking towards Ariyabal meditation temple.
This is the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. The park is landscape of transition from Siberian taiga forest to grass steppe. Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as world heritage site. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. It is the land described in The Secret History of Mongols, a literary monument of the nation, and is a protected area located northeast of the capital city.
DADAL – LEGENDARY BIRTHPLACE OF CHINGGIS KHAAN: Dadal soum of the Khentii province is the legendary birthplace of Chinggis khaan. As it is written in “The Secret History of the Mongols”, great Chinggis khaan was born at the junction of the Onon and Balj rivers in the now current region, Dadal soum. In the year 2000, Onon-Balj established a National Park which covers 400,000 hectare of land in this region. The Dadal region is a gorgeous area abundant with lakes, rivers, and forests.The Monument of the great Chinggis khaan in Dadal soum is located next to the Gurvan Nuur hot spring, which translates to “Three Lakes”, and is a naturally beautiful area. The historical stone monument built in 1962, was constructed to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Chinggis khaan’s birth. This 12m high, 4m thick and 10m based monument was designed by the sculptor, L.Makhval. On the monument is an inscription in the Mongolian traditional script saying “I (Chinggis khaan) myself don’t matter if only my state is in peace and in order”. On the back of the monument is written another inscription saying – “Dedicated to the 800 years’ birth anniversary of Chinggis khaan, a founder of the Mongol Empire”.
The Mongolian government established the Great Gobi National Park in 1975 and the UNESCO designated as the Great Gobi as the fourth largest Biosphere Reserve in the world in 1991. Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi, where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. Gobi Desert is a land of dinosaurs and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day. Wild asses, camels, snow leopards, mountain sheep and gazelles flourish here, as do different types of flora.
Gurvansaikhan Mountains are three rocky hills, the highest of which is 2815 meter above the sea level. The eagle valley a protected site in 1965, is 62 kilometers north-west of Dalanzadgad, in the center of South Gobi aimag very wide entrance, it narrows gradually into a remarkable gorge. A spring two or three kilometers long winds its way through the defile and in July, freezing into a thick corridor of ice that stretches along a considerable distance. Following the canyon to the high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery, and no doubt is one of the most beautiful places in the country.
This is a Mongolian largest sand dune reaching a height of 800 meter in some highest areas. The sand dunes in Sevrei sum, South Gobi aimag, are called Khongoryn Els. These dunes are 20 km wide and 100 km long. The Khongoryn River flows along the sand dunes and gives birth to oases. The sand dune change the color with each hour of one day, from yellow to silver to rise colored at dawn / sundown. This dune is considered one of the biggest dunes with it is length of 180 km and width of 3-5 km. The dunes make sound like plane engine in a windy day so it has been named as “Singing Dunes”.
Bayanzag / Rich Saxaul / One of the famous places is Bayanzag, bottom of Ancient Sea which excited 60-70 million years ago where a lot of Paleontological findings have been discovered. The place is known as Flaming Cliffs so named by Roy Andrew Chapman American explorer, who had visited Mongolia in 1920. During the 2 years he searched through the Mongolian Gobi Desert & he found dinosaur fossils from Bayanzag, Nemekht. He brought his paleontological findings on 70 camels. Chapman presented Mongolia one large skeleton on show in the Ulaanbaatar Natural History Museum. He found 10 kinds of dinosaurs 8 were found from Mongolia. Also South Gobi has an oasis and most beautiful mountains Nemegt, Altan mountains and wide steppes and valleys with exotic wild animals like Asian wild ass, black tailed gazelle, and steppe wolf. The Gobi bears which very rare animal can be seen in this area. This is one most beautiful place among the 33 Gobies of Mongolia where travelers can see pre-historical rock paintings, caves where monks have made meditations and ruins of ancient temples and villages.
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