Welcome to Mongolia

Located between Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China, in the heart of Central Asia, Mongolia spans across the Siberian taiga, Eurasian steppes and the Gobi deserts of Central Asia, and situated in the watersheds of the Arctic, Pacific, and Central Asian Internal Drainage basins. Mongolia covers an area of 1,564,118 sq. km and  stretches for 2392 km from west to east and 1259 km from north to south. About 81% of the country’s altitude is higher than 1000 meters above sea level with an average elevation of 1580 meters.

Gobi desert

The Gobi is one of the greatest deserts in the world. A stripe stretching for more than 1,500 kilometres from the Northern part of China to South-Eastern Mongolia occupies the territory bigger than UK, France, Spain and Portugal taken all together — 1,3 million square kilometres.

The Mongolian word “Gobi” means “Waterless Place”, but the Gobi is not only the desert — its terrain is rather diverse. High dunes of drifting sands cover only 3% of the Gobi territory. The main part of its lands is occupied by broad stony and clay valleys, huge prairies, picturesque rocky mountains, vast basins with rare oases, hillocky areas, salt marshes, canyons.



Ulaanbaatar is Mongolia’s only major urban center. Roughly half of Mongolia’s population lives here. This has interesting implications on the lifestyle of the people who live there, compared to other urban centers around the world.

Chinggis khan statue

The Genghis Khan Equestrian Statue, part of the Genghis Khan Statue Complex is a 131-foot tall statue of Genghis Khan on horseback, on the bank of the Tuul River at Tsonjin Boldog, where according to legend, he found a golden whip. The statue is symbolically pointed east towards his birthplace.


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